Creating Question Library questions

Types of questions
Create true or false questions
Create multiple choice questions

Multiple choice (M/C) questions present a statement or question with a list of possible answers, in which learners must choose the best possible answer. Multiple choice questions differ from multi-select questions in that learners select one answer for each multiple choice question.

If you create a multiple choice question that has more than one possible solution, you can weight the answer according to the correctness of each possible answer.

For example, if two answer choices out of five options are accepted as correct, both can be weighted 100% and the other three options can be weighted at 0%. If all five answer choices are accepted as correct but some are more correct than others, each can be weighted in ascending order with the most correct answers weighted more than the least correct answers.

  1. In the Question Text* field, enter your multiple choice question. A preview of the question appears in the preview pane as you begin creating the question.
  2. In the Answers * area, enter the answers for the multiple choice question.
  3. To add additional answers, click Add Answer.
  4. If you want to allow each learner to submit random answers, select the Randomize answers for each learner check box.
  5. Set the number of points for the multiple choice question.
  6. From the Options drop-down list, optionally, specify the following:
    • To add feedback for each answer, select Add Feedback.
    • To add a hint to the question, select Add Hint.
    • To add a percentage weight for each answer, select Add Custom Weights. You can set different weights for each answer if some solutions are more correct than others.
    • To add a short description to the question, select Add Short Description.
    • To select how you want your options to be enumerated, select an option from the Add Enumeration > Enumeration drop-down list.
  7. Click Save.
Create multi-select questions
Understanding grading options for multi-select questions

There are three possible grading options for multi-select questions:

  • All or nothing - Users receive full points for the question only if they select all the correct answers and none of the incorrect answers. Users receive zero points for the entire question if they miss any correct answers or select any incorrect answers.
  • Right minus wrong - Users receive points equal to the number of right answers they choose minus the number of incorrect answers they choose. Users can receive a minimum of zero on a question; they cannot receive a negative mark.
    To calculate how much each answer is worth, the system takes the total number of points assigned to the question and divides it by the total number of answer choices.
    For example, if a question is worth 10 points total and has 5 answer choices, each choice is worth 2 points (10/5=2). Correct answers are worth +2 points each and incorrect answers are worth -2 points each. If the user selects 3 correct answers and 2 incorrect answers, they would receive 2 points for each correct answer and lose 2 points for each incorrect answer, resulting in a total score of 2 points for the question [3(2)+2(-2)=2].
  • Correct answers - Users receive points for each correct answer they select and for each incorrect answer they leave blank. Incorrect answers selected, and correct answers left blank, are not counted.
Create written response questions
Create short answer questions

Short answer (SA) questions require respondents to create one word or brief sentence answers in response to open-ended questions.

  1. In the Question Library, from the New button, click Short Answer Question (SA).
  2. In the Question Text field, enter your short answer question details.
  3. In the Answers for Blank 1 field, enter your answer(s).
  4. From the abc drop-down list for blank 1, select the comparison method, that is Text, Case-Sensitive Text, or Regular Expression. All answers for a blank are assessed using the same comparison method.
  5. If you want to add more blanks, click Add Blank and enter your answer(s).
  6. For all additional blanks, select the comparison method.
  7. In the Default Points field, enter the points learners will receive for answering the question correctly.
  8. From the How are points assigned to blanks? drop down list, select one of the following options:
    • Students will receive part marks - The default points for each blank are calculated automatically and evenly distributed.
    • Students must answer all blanks correctly - The default points will only be awarded if the learner answers all blanks accurately.
  9. From the Options drop-down list, do one of the following:
    • To add overall feedback for the answer, select Add Feedback.
    • To add a hint to the question, select Add Hint.
    • To add a short description to the question, select Add Short Description.
  10. To verify your question, click Preview.
  11. Click Save.

Note: As a best practice, D2L recommends that the weight of each possible solution equals 100% if you require only one answer. If your question requires multiple answers, and each answer has several possible solutions, we recommend that the combined weight of each answer's most correct solution be equal to 100%.

Create multi-short answer questions

Multi-short answer (MSA) questions require respondents to answer a multi-solution question and input their answers into individual input boxes. Respondent's answers are checked against each possible answer stored in the answer fields. D2L recommends that the required number of answers corresponds with the number of input boxes provided.

An MSA question's maximum point value is reflected by a 100% weight. As a best practice, D2L recommends that each possible answer's weight calculation equals 100% divided by the number of answers required by the question.

Multi-short answer questions differ from short answer (SA) questions in that the multi-short answer question enables you to create multiple answer boxes which all relate to one answer set; short answer questions also support multiple answer boxes, but each requires a distinct set of possible answers. The short answer question type is ideal if you need to create a multi-part question that cannot share the same answer pool.

For example, the question "Name 3 state capitals" displays three input boxes to users. Each answer users submit is checked against 51 possible correct answers stored in the answer fields and each answer field has a weight of 33.3%.

  1. In the Question Library, from the New button, click Multi-Short Answer Question (MSA).
  2. In the General area, enter your multi-short answer question details.
  3. In the Options area, do the following:
    • In the Input boxes field, enter the number of required answer fields you want your question to have. You can assign the number of rows and columns for each answer field.
    • In the Answer fields, enter the correct answers for your question, the weight for each answer (you can set different weights if some solutions are more correct than others), and how you want the answers to be evaluated.
    • To assign more possible answers for the question, click Add Answer.
  4. To verify your answer, click Preview.
Create fill in the blanks questions
Understanding grading options for short answer, multi-short answer, and fill in the blanks questions

There are three possible grading options for short answer, multi-short answer, and fill in the blanks questions:

  • Case Insensitive - Auto-grading searches for a matching character pattern in the answer text with or without letter case correctness.
  • Case Sensitive - Auto-grading searches for a matching character pattern in the answer text that must have letter case correctness.
  • Regular Expression - Auto-grading uses meta-characters to search for one or more matching strings in the answer text's character pattern. What you set as meta-character parameters helps determine letter case sensitivity.
Create matching questions
Create ordering questions

Ordering (ORD) questions require respondents to arrange a series of items into a correct sequence or order.

  1. In the Question Library, from the New button, click Ordering Question (ORD).
  2. In the General area, enter your ordering question details.
  3. In the Options area, do the following:
    • Select your grading method.
    • In each Value field, enter a choice. To add more values, click Add Item.
    • From the Correct Order drop-down list for each value, set the order of the values. The first value in the correct order should be "1".
  4. To verify your question, click Preview.
Understanding grading options for matching and ordering questions

There are three possible grading options for matching and ordering questions:

  • Equally weighted - The total point value is divided equally among all possible correct matches. Users receive equally weighted points for each correct answer.
  • All or nothing - Users receive full points for the question if they select all of the correct answers and none of the incorrect answers. Users receive zero points if they miss any correct answers or select any incorrect answers.
  • Right minus wrong - Users receive points equal to the number of right answers they choose minus the number of incorrect answers they choose. To determine how much each answer is worth, the system takes the total number of points assigned to the question and divides it by the total number of answer choices. For example, if a question is worth 10 points and has 5 answer choices, each correct answer is worth 2 points, and each incorrect answer is worth - 2 points (10/5 = 2). If a user gives 3 correct answers and 2 incorrect answers, 2 is the total number of points received for the question [(3*2)+(2*-2)]. Users can receive a minimum of zero on a question; they cannot receive a negative mark.
Create arithmetic questions
Create significant figures questions
Understanding arithmetic and significant figures question components

In arithmetic questions, use answer precision to limit the number of acceptable decimal places allowed in a response. You can require that correct answers contain a specific number of decimal places.

In significant figure questions, you can select a percentage of the answer's score to deduct for including incorrect significant figures in a response.

Use tolerance levels to accept near-accurate, estimated, or rounded answers.

Types of supported enumerations in the Formula field

The Formula field supports the following operations, functions, and constants:

Enumerations

Description

+, -, *, /, \, ^

Basic arithmetic operators

%

Modulo (remainder) operator

{x}^{y}

x to the power of y

abs({n})

Absolute value of n

cos({n})

Cosine of n (in radians)

sin({n})

Sine of n (in radians)

sqr({n})

Square root of n

tan({n})

Tangent of n (in radians)

log({n})

Log base 10 of n

ln({n})

Log base e of n

atan({n})

Inverse tangent of n

sec({n})Brightspace Learning Environment

Secant of n

cosec({n})

Cosecant of n

cotan({n})

Cotangent of n

Factorial({n})

Factorial of n, or (n!)

exp

The power of natural log (e)

pi

pi 3.14159 (accurate up to 50 decimal places)

e

e 2.71828 (accurate up to 50 decimal places)

Understanding Brightspace Learning Environment rounding rules

When rounding, Brightspace Learning Environment automatically applies the Round to Half Even rounding rule when assessing answers that contain decimal places that end with "5". Currently, there are no options to change rounding rules. Applying the Round to Half Even rule, answers with decimal places that end with "5" will round down instead of round up.

Example One: 3.41 * 25 = 85.25

If you create an arithmetic question and set the Answer Precision to 1, the correct answer using Round to Half Even is 85.2.

Example Two: -3.41* 25 = -85.25

If you create an arithmetic question and set the Answer Precision to 1, the correct answer using Round to Half Even is -85.2.

You can enter a unit type (mm, cm, grams, inches, etc.) to assess if answers include correct units of measurement. For significant figures questions, you can select a percentage to assign a weighted points value to the measurement unit. If you use units in your question, you can set the following Evaluation options:

  • Case Insensitive - Auto-grading searches for a matching character pattern in the answer text with or without letter case correctness.
  • Case Sensitive - Auto-grading searches for a matching character pattern in the answer text that must have letter case correctness.
  • Regular Expression - Auto-grading uses meta-characters to search for one or more matching strings in the answer text's character pattern. What you set as meta-character parameters helps determine letter case sensitivity.
Create Likert questions

Create Likert (LIK) questions to measure subjective information such as personal opinions, knowledge, abilities, and attitudes. Likert questions enable you to create surveys that evaluate the intensity of respondents' feelings towards statements presented to them.

There are seven measurement scales available to Likert questions: One to Five (1 to 5), One to Eight (1 to 8), Agreement Scale (Disagree–Agree), Satisfaction Scale (Dissatisfied–Satisfied), Frequency Scale (Never–Always), Importance Scale (Unimportant–Important), and Opposition Scale (Oppose–Support).

You can only access Likert questions through the Surveys tool and Question Library. Similar to self assessments, all question types you import into surveys automatically omit point value and difficulty level indicators.

  1. In the Question Library, from the New button, click Likert Question (LIK).
  2. In the General area, enter your Likert question details.
  3. In the Questions area, do the following:
    • Select the Scale you want the question to use.
    • In each Value field, enter a statement. To include additional statements, click Add Option.
  4. To verify your question, click Preview.
Understanding regular expressions

Regular expressions give users grading certain question types the ability to evaluate responses against a set of acceptable values. A regular expression uses alpha-numeric and meta-characters to create a pattern that describes one or more strings that must be identically matched within a body of text.

You can use regular expressions in short answer, multi-short answer, arithmetic, significant figures, and fill in the blanks questions.

For example, the fill in the blank question "What word describes red, blue, green, yellow, pink, etc." can use regular expressions for the answer "colou?r*"